Saint John Police Museum

Thanks for visiting us here on the web.  The Saint John Police Museum Inc is a non-profit organization and we are honored to be the keepers of the Saint John Police Force history.  The museum was incorporated in 1996 and is volunteer led. Managed by retired members of the police force with volunteers who previous served with the force, civilian members and other volunteers with connections to the force.

We would love to have you come visit us in person at 56 Prince William Street in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada. You can visit our calendar page to find out what days and hours we are open.

The Saint John Police Museum Inc. tells the history of our police force by displaying historic uniforms, badges, vehicles and many photographs.

The Saint John Police Force is the largest municipal police service in New Brunswick and has been serving Saint John since 1849.  It is also one of the oldest police forces in North America.

Our Beginnings

Loyalists in 1783 settled on the east side of the St. John (Saint John) harbor in what was then called Parr Town and the west side known as Carleton and north side as Portland. In 1785 Carleton and Parr Town were incorporated and took on the name Saint John, thus making Saint John the oldest incorporated city in what is now Canada.

Saint John’s police force was established in 1849, at a time of rather acrimonious conflict between Catholics and Protestants.

Please go to “History” page to read a brief rendition of “The Clark Years”.

History

Information taken from “The Saint John Police Story – The Clark Years 1890 – 1915” authored by Gerald F. Wallace, William Higgins and Peter McGahan to be shared with our community through the Saint John Police Museum Inc. (Permission given by late Linda Higgins, widow of William Higgins.)

Here are a few interesting facts:

Initially under the supervision of the police magistrate, the department in 1856 was placed under the control of a chief of police, appointed not locally but by the Governor-in-Council.  At this time Common Council held control over the size and the wages of the department; however, the power to appoint the chief remained within the jurisdiction of the executive council. This was to remain until March 20th, 1913 when the Common Council were given the authority to appoint their own chief as well as have control over the size and wages of members of the department. The arguments presented to the province by council was “The body that pays should have the right to appoint, and that the Legislature should not refuse St. John a right enjoyed by every other city and municipality in the province”. [1]

Chief John. R. Marshall had served as chief since 1862

Chief Marshall was retired in his seventies and in May 23, 1890 and his replacement was William Walker Clark.

Chief Clark had a background of managing large groups of men and left his job as mayor’s clerk to become the chief of police. He traveled to Boston to visit his brother, a Boston policeman, and to view their resources and organization with the thought of using these.

Chief Clark had his own objectives and advised his members on the very day he was sworn in by assembling the men for a roll call and as they passed through his office he shook hands with each one, the inspectors were then introduced to the officers, and Chief Clark addressed the officers.  He first reminded them of their “grave responsibilities,” saying that they were “servants of the public, not of a class or faction.” [2] To remind them of their duties he prepared a manual for them to use. He told them that some of them would be transferred from one station to another, and that a regular drill would be instituted, also that discipline and appearance were important.  Each policeman was to keep a daily log recording therein all matters of importance. Each was to salute a superior officer; he also urged them to carry their batons in their belts, to keep their coats buttoned up and to appear in full uniform when presenting evidence in court.

He told his men that he regretted that the force still did not have a pension in place for all its men.  The hours on each shift were too long.  He hoped to convince the city fathers of the need to increase the size of the force, a matter he would raise repeatedly in subsequent years.  A city of 10 square miles and fifty miles of streets through the 1890s, he reminded those who would listen, required more manpower.

Only several days after assuming office, Clark announced a set of “General Orders,” which embodied the principles he had earlier expressed.  Both Divisions were to parade at their stations before going on duty. The sergeant on night duty was to prepare a report for his counterpart on the next shift.  Any officer making an arrest between 7 pm and 3 am was to be permitted to go home immediately so that he could be alert for his court appearance the next morning.

By the middle of 1890 the department consisted of a total of forty-six men including the chief.  Each Division was divided into a number of beats.  A set of lockups was distributed throughout the city, where the men on the beat could bring those whom they arrested, before their transferal to the central police station on King Street East.  The physical condition of the lockups was not always satisfactory.  Nonetheless, this arrangement was necessary for a non-motorized force.  The introduction of the streetcar to Saint John during the latter part of the 19th century, did however, permit the police to cover more areas of the city.  The only other means for the men to get around was on foot, with the exception of “slovens” used to cart off numerous drunks picked up during the shift.

Chief Clark submitted his resignation in early January 1915 to be succeeded by David Simpson of Edmonton, Alberta.  An era in the history of the city’s policing had come to an end. [3]

References:

[1] Saint John Globe, 11 March 1913
[2] Saint John Globe, 21 May 1890
[3] The Saint John Police Story, The Clark years 1890 -1915

Saint John Police Volkswagen

Police Bug and SJPM Logo
Police Vehicle 117

In 1965 a Volkswagen Beetle was purchased by the Saint John Police Department and was used daily as either a Traffic or Supervisors vehicle. In April of 1998, the Saint John Police Force began plans to recognize their 150th Anniversary occurring in April of 1999. One of the projects for the Anniversary was to bring car 117 back to life because of its unique history with the Saint John Police Force. In early May of 1998, a suitable candidate for restoration was found in Belfast, Maine, USA. It was brought back to Saint John and the restoration process began with the help of local businesses. The restoration took eight months and the newly restored Car 117 was presented to the public at the 150th Ceremony in front of City Hall.

In May of 1999 Car 117 attended the Nation Law Enforcement Memorial in Washington, D.C. Car 117 placed second at the Police vehicle show being held at the Memorial. Since its completion, Car 117 has attended several shows, parades, community events and is on display most Cruise Ship days in front of the Saint Police Museum located at 56 Prince William Street in uptown Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada.

Recognition

The Saint John Police Museum Inc would like to recognize and thank the following:

  • Commercial Properties Ltd
  • The Saint John Police Force
  • Neighborhood Police Council Inc
  • Saint John Police Retirees’ Association
  • Retired Women & Men of the Saint John Police Force
  • And all volunteers who have contributed their time and energy to our Museum.

Volunteer & Support

If you would like to be a part of our volunteer team, support us financially, or wish to discuss providing artifacts relating to the Saint John Police Force, you can email us at saintjohnpolicemuseum@gmail.com

Reasons To Visit

  • Only museum dedicated to the history of policing in Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada.
  • Learn about the history of the Saint John Police Force.
  • Say “hi” to Constable George dressed in 1849 uniform and do a selfie or family photo as a souvenir.
  • View our 1965 Volkswagen restored in 1999 to celebrate our 150 year anniversary of the Saint John Police Force.
  • Pose for a photo behind our jail cell door and share with all your friends “where you spent your vacation”.
  • Look at our handcuff display, our old cameras and see an actual “call box”
  • Purchase or exchange our limited-edition challenge coin; buy a postcard, buy a t-shirt or ball cap and have your next cup of coffee in a museum mug. A great souvenir and easy to carry and pack.
  • View our patch and challenge coin collection from police agencies around the world. If you are a working or retired law enforcement officer bring a patch or a coin and we will do an exchange.
  • Take a moment and listen to interviews with retired members and interact with all our volunteers.

Contact Us

We are in uptown Saint John, within walking distance from both the Marco Polo & Diamond Jubilee cruise ship terminals. We are adjacent to the old barbour store at the foot of King Street. We are a part of CenterBeam Place owned by Commercial Properties Limited. We wish to thank them for allowing us to be part of their beautiful complex.

Location:

56 Prince William Street
Saint John, New Brunwick
Canada

56 Prince William Street

Email:

saintjohnpolicemuseum@gmail.com

Dates of Operation

May through to early November.

Our 2018 season is now at an end. We will re-open in early May, 2019. Thank you for your interest in the Saint John Police Museum!

Hours of Operation

See schedule here. (Evenings / other times – available by request only.)

Admission Fees

Donation

Guided Tours

Available to all visitors during operational hours.

Wheelchair accessibility upon request.

Mailing Address

PO Box 392
Saint John, NB  E2L 2B0